Ibrahim Adamu, Faruk Abubakar, Abolaji Jamiu Atobatele


Agriculture has proved to be one of the major sectors that  has contributed to the growth and  employment of labour of m\any countries in the world. In  Nigeria Agriculture played  an important  role in pre-independence  and shortly post – independence  in terms of employment generation and  contribution to Gross Domestic Product but the situation changed after the  discovery of crude  oil in 1970 which made a lot of people to leave agriculture  and seek for employment in oil and gas sectors. The aftermath of this mobility from agriculture to oil and gas exacerbated the unemployment situation and balance of payment such that it became unfavorable as a result of the fact that Nigeria became an importer of the agricultural products which she has comparative cost advantages on. However several policies and schemes have been  introduced by the successive government to salvage the  situation but it  proved abortive. The  study aimed at examining the contribution of agriculture to employment generation in Abeokuta South and Odeda Local Government Areas between 2010-2015. Data were collected  from the primary  sources with the aid of questionnaires and interview. The secondary  data were gathered from the records of the local governments regarding the amount spent on agriculture. Analysis of the data was conducted using parametric tool while the hypotheses were tested with the aid of Pearson correlation. The outcome of the test revealed that there is a significant relationship among the Government effort, agricultural development, the types of Agricultural practice adopted and employment. The result showed that there is 0.161 relationship among the variables which depicts that agriculture only had 16% influence on employment showing a very weak relationship. It is therefore recommended that government should show sincerity in their agricultural programmes. The Ministry of Agriculture and other agricultural departments should be made to measure up to expectation. The Government must encourage commercial agricultural practices and sponsor it maximally with the assistance of the World Bank. That can generate multiples of employment opportunities in the state as well as in the local government areas.

Full Text:



Aighokhan, B.E (2001). Resuscitating agricultural production for export, Proceedings of the 10th Conference of the Central Bank of Nigeria’s Zonal Research Units

Akintoye I. R. (2003) Reducing Unemployment through the Informal Sector: A Case Study of Nigeria Eur. J. Econ. Fin. Admin. Sci. 11:1450 – 2275

Alkali, R.A (1997) The World Book Cornucopia or Pandora Box? Kaduna: Baraka Press

C.B.N (2003) Central Bank of Nigeria Annual Report

Asoluka, N and Okezie,I.A (2011). Unemployment and Nigerian economic growth for the period 1985-2009, Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Teaching, Learning and Change© International Association for Teaching and Learning (IATEL)`. Retrieved from

Douglason, GU, Gbosi, A. (2006). The Dynamics of Productivity and Unemployment Nexus: Implications for Employment Generation in Nigeria NES 2006” Annual Conference Ibadan, Nigeria.

Gbosi, A. N. (2006). Modern Labour Economics and Policy Analysis, Abakaliki, Pack Publishers.

Eicher, C. and Witt, L (eds.) (1964) . Agriculture in Economics Development, New York: MC graw Hill

Jones, E.L and Woolf, S.S (eds.) (1969) Agrarian Change and Economics Development: The Historical Problems, London: Methuen

Koju, A. (eds.) Nigerian Peoples and Cultures, Ibadan: Davidson

Lawal, W.A (1997) “The Economy and the State from the Pre-colonial Times to the Present” in Osuntokun, A. and Olukoju, A. (eds.) Nigerian Peoples and Cultures, Ibadan: Davidson

Lawal, W. A. (2011) “An Analysis of Government Spending on Agricultural Sector and its Contribution to GDP in Nigeria” International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(20), 244 – 250

National Bureau of Statistics (2012) Labour Force Survey March, 2012, Abuja; National Bureau of Statistics) Nigeria

Odusola, A.F (2001). Nigeria’s Unemployment Problem in the 80s and 90s: Implication for Policy Directions in the 21th Century. NCEMA Policy Seminal Series, Ibadan, Nigeria

Ogbalubi L.N and Wokocha C. L(2013). Agricultural Development and Employment Generation: The Nigeria Experience Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 2, January – February 2013.

Ogen, O. (2007). “The Agricultural Sector and Nigeria’s Development: Comparative Perspective from the Brazilian Agro-Industrial Sector Economy (1960 – 1995)”. Nebula March 2007@Noble World Achieves

Ojenagbo, P. (2011) . Lessons from Egypt, The Guardian, Sunday, 20 February

Okunmadewa, F. and J. K. Olayemi (1999) “Nigeria Globalization, Policy Changes Agricultural Research and Development” Commissioned Technical Report Prepared for ISNAR, the Hague Terzo Geri (2010) what is Agricultural Development is agricultural-development.htm.ilo (2012), Report 1, General Report, 17th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, Geneva, 24 November – 3 December, 2003.

Olagunju, M.U “Economic Issues in Nigeria’s Development” in Akanbi, J.O (eds.) (2000) Towards a Better Nigeria, Ibadan: Ben Quality Press

Oluwasanmi, H.A (1966) Agriculture and Nigeria’s Economic Development, Ibadan: Ibadan University Press

Oni, L. B. (2014). An Assessment of Agriculture and Poverty Reduction Nexus in Nigeria, Journal of African Review 4(1).

World Bank (1990) Alleviating Unemployment and Poverty under Adjustment Report of an ILO 7 Jaspa. Employment Advisory Mission, Addis Ababa.

World Bank (2007) World Development Report 2008: Agriculture for Development. Washington DC, World Bank, Doi: 10.1597/978-0-8213-7233-3 Publishing.


  • There are currently no refbacks.