Michael E. Nwokedi, Emeka C. Iloh


This paper examines the interface between the Nigerian state and trans-border trafficking in persons in Nigeria between 2003 and 2013. Specifically, it aims to ascertain whether the Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Law Enforcement and Administration Act 2003, which established the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP), an agency saddled with curtailing the menace of human trafficking in Nigeria was able to curtail the incidence of trans-border human trafficking in Nigeria within the study period. Based on the Marxian theory of the state and relying on documentary method of data collection, the study found that despite the several successes recorded by the agency, it failed to significantly reduce the incidence of cross-border human trafficking in Nigeria between 2003 and 2013 Nigeria is still both a source, transit and a destination country for human trafficking. The study finally suggested measures that could be used to improve the situation.


Human trafficking, NAPTIP, trans-border crimes, enforcement, Marxian theory of the state

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