Mercyline Ifeoma Nworh, Nkechi Chinwe Ezebube


Many Nigerian children, adolescents and adults have suffered from school anxiety and other psychological disorders through the breath of the educational system. This paper highlights types of social anxiety and the study was designed to investigate gender differences in social anxiety as psychological problems of students in tertiary institutions in South-Western Nigeria. The sample for the study was six hundred and six (606) students consisting of 374 females and two hundred and thirty two (232) males randomly selected from six (6) tertiary institutions in Ogun and Lagos states. The instrument for the study was a structured questionnaire Tertiary Institution Students’ Social Anxiety Scale (TISSAS) designed by the researcherwas used for data collection.Three research questions and one hypothesis were formulated to guide the study, while t-test was used to analyze the difference in the males and the females social anxiety in all the problem areas at .05 level of significance. Results indicated a significance difference in the general male and female social anxiety problems. Mean scores of the female highest ranked social anxiety is 3.17 ( = 3.17) while male respondents mean highest rank is 3.00 ( = 3.00) this showed that female mean score was found greater than the male. There was also significant difference with regards to specific/very severe social anxiety problems of the two groups. Implications of the findings for social anxiety counselling/Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) were drawn and areas of further studies suggested.

Full Text:



Adrian, P (2019). Social anxiety disorder, EBSCO Dynamed Plus website

Andersen, J (2006) ‘‘Pretty sceryl’ Paper presented at the British Education Research Association Conference, University of Warwick, September.

Annie G. (2018). How do I handle my social anxiety without alcohol?

Austin, B.D (2004). Social anxiety disorder, shyness, and perceived social self-efficacy in College students. Dissertation Abstracts International Section.

Bello, R.M & Abdullahi, M.L (2010). Gender Difference in mental health problems of students in higher institution of learning (pp 56-62) Journal of the Nigerian Educational Psychologist (NISEP) Vol. 8

Buckner, J.D. Schmidt, N.B. Lary, A.R et al (2008). Specifically of social anxiety disorder as a risk factor for alcohol and cannabis dependences. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 42, 230-239.

Clark, D.M. & Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. In R. Heimberg, M. Liebowitz, D.A. Hope & F.R. Schineier (Eds). Social Phobia (pp 69-93). New York. Gulford Press.

Eckleberry-Hunt, J.G & Digrenwend, A. (2005). Social cultural interpretations of social phobia in a non-heterosexual female Journal of Homosexuality, 49 (2), 103-117.

Elliolt, R., Black, R., Jack, G. & Mooney, G. (2007) Developing a person-centred / experimental approach to social anxiety. Paper presented at COSCA’s fourth Animal Research Dialogue.

Eoclestone, K. Kayes, D. & Furedi, F. (2008). Jnowing me, knowing you. Studies in the Educational of Adults, 37 (2), 180 – 200

Furmork, T. (2002). Social phobia Acta Psychatrica Scandinavia 105, 84-93.

Keller, M.B (2006). Social anxiety disorder clinical course and outcome. Journal of clinical pschatry 67, supplement 12, 14-19.

Nworah, M.I (2018). Social and Moral Development (Social Behaviour) in Introduction to Educational psychology (Ed) Ezeani Abeokuta Golden Satellite Publisher LTD.

O Leary, T (2007) Higher education. In a seldom (ed) Blaris Britain 1997 – 2007 (pp 468 – 484). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Olatunji, B.O, Cisler, J.M & Tolin, D.F (2007) Quality of life in the anxiety disorders. Clinical psyalolagy Review 27(5) 572 – 581.

Raliya, M.B and Mustapha I.A (2010). Gender Difference in Mental Health Problems of Students. “Journal of the Nigeria Education Psychologist (NISEP) Vol. 8

Richard, T. (2018). Social Anxiety

Social anxiety disorder: More then just shyness. Natural Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http:// anxiety disorder - more than-just-shyness/index.html. accessed March 11, 2019.

Thomas A.R ( ) Psycholist / Director, The Social Anxiety Institute.

Todd B. Kacshdan, T.B, Elha, J.D & Breen, W.E (2008). Social anxiety and disinhibition, Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 22 (6) 925-939.

Unachukwi, O.P., Ugbokwe-Ossai, R.N and Ucheagwe, V.A (2013). Basic Psychological Sciences

Vaale, D. (2003). Treatment of Social phobia. Advances in Psychaitric Treatment 9, 258-264.

Wales (2019) retrieved march 8th

Wikipedia: Social anxiety retrieved March 10, 2019. (c) 1996 – 2019. Vertical Health LLC retrieved 10th Math, 2019.


  • There are currently no refbacks.