Ifeyinwa Cordelia Isidienu


This study focuses on the fairness applied in crime cases among the communities in Oyi Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria. Equity entails equal justice for all. People can as well have access to justice as and when due. Crime is when an act that violates the laws of the land is committed. Punishment is required in proportionate to the offence committed. The communities in Oyi Local Government Area of Anambra State are not free from unlawful citizens. Unlawful behaviours bring about instability which can threaten the peaceful co-existence of the members of the community. The study therefore explores the justness applied to crimes that affect human life (murder), freedom (kidnapping), sex (incest) and religion and belief system (masquerade desecration). This can be an avenue of curbing excesses within the communities and the nation at large. In addition, the study also seeks just punishment for crimes to ensure fair and impartial treatment to all. The aim is to discourage crime that will eventually breed a disharmonious society. The research work is descriptive in nature. The population of the study was drawn from the five communities in Oyi Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nteje,Ogbunike,Awkuzu, Nkwelle-Ezunaka and Umunya. The researcher adopts the use of oral interview as a means of data collection. Natural Law Theory was adopted for the study. Findings show that equity brings about unity, love and harmony which go a long way in discouraging bad behaviour. It is therefore pertinent for the members of the communities and the nation at large to embrace the fairness found in the informal justice system among these communities for a better society.


Equity, Crime and Community

Full Text:



Anozie, C.C. (2003). Igbo Kwenu. Enugu: Computer Edge Publishers.

Baba,A. I., Babajo, H. H., and Namahe, Y. U. (2017). “The Role of Local Government Towards Crime Prevention and Control in Nigeria.” Saudi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences: Dubai.http://scholarsmepub.com

Braithwaite, J. (2007).”Encourage Restoration Justice.” Criminology and Public Policy.

Ekwealor,C. C. (1998). Omenala na Ewumewu ndi Igbo. Onitsha: Palma Publishers.

Eyisi, V. M. C. (2006). Abominations and Taboos in Igbo Land. Onitsha: CHVIC Publishers.

Houghton (2011). American Heritage. Dictionary of the English Language. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishers.

Igbo,E. U. M. and Ugwuoke, C. O. (2013). “Crime and Crime Control in Traditional Igbo Society of Nigeria.” www.iiste.org

Ilogu, E. (1985). Igbo Life and Thought. Onitsha: Varsity Press.

Isidienu, I. C. (2018). “Igbo Traditional Justice System: The Mechanism of Social Control in Oyi Local Government Area of Anambra State Awka.” Ph.D. Dissertation, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.

Kottak, C. P. (2009). Cultural Anthropology. New York: Mc Graw Hill.

Mbiti, J. S. (1981). Introduction to African Religion. London: Heinemann.

Ndaji, S. (2008). “Increasing Cases of Incest Among Nigeria Men.”//www.nairaland.com

Obiezu,K. (2019). “Punishments for Kidnapping under Nigeria Law”


Okoli, A. (2007). “Police Arrest Ogbunike Monarch over Oyi Crisis.” allafrica.com/stories/ 20070.

Okonkwo, N. (2016). “Furore in Anambra Community over Kidnapping of Villagers.” vanguardngr.com

Olufemi, P. (2016). “Is Incest Criminalized in Nigeria? Scope, Laws and Punishment.” Businesslaw-ng.blogspot.co

Onyezili, E.C. and Ebbe, N. I. (2012).”Social Control in Precolonial Igboland of Nigeria.” African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies:AJCJS, vol.6.

Oraegbunam, I. K. E. (2010). “Crimes and Punishments in Igbo Customary Law: The Challange of Nigerian Criminal Jurisprudence.” Ogirisi: A New Journal of African Studies.

Sulaiman, K, O, (2016). “Religious Violence in Contemporary Nigeria: Implication.” www.scielo.org

Theoharis,M. (2019) “Kidnapping.” https://www.criminaldefenselawyer.com

Ukaegbu,F. N. (2002). The Igbo: The Afrikan Root of Nations. Ibadan: Heinemann Educational Books.

(2016). “Assault, Murder and Manslaughter.” www.naijalegltalking.com

Constitution of Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999).www.en.m.wikisource

“Criminal Code Act” Chapter 77 (Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 1990). //en.m.wikipedia.org


  • There are currently no refbacks.