Samuel Okereke, Apex A. Apeh


The study examines the economics of cashew production to rural farmers in Ihube, Southeastern Nigeria considering the centrality in the rural economy. It specifically considers the benefits of cashew farming to rural farmers while positing that cashew nuts and not the fruits is the most essential product of the cashew industry and has helped to alleviate poverty among rural Ihube farmers. Based on eclectic sources of data collection, the study observes that income from cashew plantations has changed the rural narrative of poverty among farmers in Ihube. This is perhaps because it demands minimum input from farmers and has a rising export demand for its use as aphrodisiac and snacks.


Cashew, Economics, Rural, Agriculture, Farmers

Full Text:



Abudu M.I, "Analysis of intersectoral Linkages between Agriculture and industry in Nigeria", Central BANK of Nigeria, Research Department Occasional Paper No. 23, June 1999

Afigbo A.E. The spell of oral History: A case study of Northern Igboland in Africa, Vol 33. 2006, p.39-42.

Akinwale S. A and E.B Esan. Advances in cashew breeding in Nigeria. In: progress in tree crop Research, 2nd Edn. Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN), Ibadan, Nigeria, (1989)166-174.

Apeh, A. A., & Opata, C. C. (2019). “The oil palm wine economy of rural farmers in Nigeria: Evidence from Enugu Ezike, south-eastern Nigeria”. Rural History, Economy, Society, Culture 30(02), 111–128.

Azam-Ali, S. H and E.C. judge, 2001. Small scale cashew nut processing. A technical report to food and Agriculture organization of the united nation,(2001) 86.

Bamidele S. Ileso, Structural Adjustment Program and Agricultural production in Nigeria. M.A Thesis. (Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia, 2000) p.3

Bani R.J, and B.C Stening, Stores and Storage: Postharvest Technology and Commodity Marketing. Proceedings of a Postharvest Conference on 2nd November-1st December, 1995. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ghana.1995, pp 284.

Behura, D. and Naik, D., Growth of Cashew Production in India with Special Reference to its Export Opportunities. Indian Journal of Agricultural Marketing, 11(1&2): (1997)31.

Cheomics International Inc. Subsector Assessment of the Nigerian Cashew Industry(Washington Dc, Chemonics Inc, 2002).

Chubb L.T, Ibo Land Tenure, Ibadan: Ibadan University press, 1961, pp 56-58;

Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, Cashew research programmes and achievements (1970-1990), (Ibadan: CRIN, 2001).

D. Siddle Rural change in Tropical Africa,153.

Falade, J.A Soils of cashew growing areas of Nigeria. East African Journal of Agriculture 2(1978), 31-36.

Federal Development of Agriculture Fourth National Development Plan: An Annual Proceeding of a workshop organized by FDA Abuja, 29-30 August 1992 cited in Okolo D.A 2004 Regional Study on Agricultural support, Nigeria`s case. Special Study Report prepared for food and Agricultural organization, (Rome: FAO, 1992).

Floyd. Barry Eastern Nigeria: A Geographical Review London: Macmillan 1966.

Food and Agricultural organization of the United Nations, minor oil crops. Rome: FAO, 1992.

Forde D. and G Jones, The Ibo and Ibibio speaking people of southern Nigeria, Oxford: Oxford University press, 1950.

Hammed L. A and A.R Adedeji, “Incidence and control of twig die-back on young cashew in Ibadan (South Western Nigeria)” Agriculture Journal. Vol.3, no3 (2008) 175.

Hammmed L.M., J.C. Anikwe and A.R Adedeji. “Cashew nuts and Production Development in Nigeria”. America-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research vol. 3 no.1(2008) 54-61

Idachaba F.S, “Food Policy in Nigeria” Agricultural Research Bulleting. Vol. 1, (2000), p.162.

Isichei, Elizabeth Igbo Worlds: An Anthology of Oral Histories and Historical Descriptions (Philadelphia, 1976), 81.

Korieh Chima J. The Way we lived by, 2013, 235.

Lawal J.O, O.O Oduwale, T.R Shittu, and A.A Muyiwa. “Profitability of Value Addition to cashew farming Households in Nigeria”. African Journal of Crop Science Vol. 19, No. 1 (2011), 49 – 54.

Luckhman, L.I. Ahmed and R. Muggah. The impact of conflict on poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. Background paper for World Bank Poverty Status Assessment for sub-Saharan Africa. (Bighton, UK, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, 1999) p. 21-22

Nugawela, Patrick Roland Oroh, Cashew sub-sector strategic framework: using cashew sector markets for pro-poor Growth in Nigeria. Abuja, Nigeria. (2005) p.9

Ojelade, K. T. M Review of twenty years of cashew (Anacardium Occidentale, L.) entomology in Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Tree Crop Research. 2(1996)80-91.

Olife I.C., M.A. Jalaoso and A.P Onwualu. “Cashew processing for Economic Development in Nigeria”. Agricultural Journals vol.8, no.1(2013)45-50

Onyenobi V.O, J.E Ewuziem, and M.C Ogbonna, “Analysis of Effect of Marketing Channel on Market Performance of Ware Yam in Abia State, Nigeria”. Proceeding of the Annual Conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria. Abuja, Nigeria, 20th – 23rd October, 2009, pp 360-362.

Sanwo, J. O B.O. Kuti and M. Osundolire. Cashew Germplasm Collections. The Annual Report of Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, 1972/73: (1972)100-110.

Siddle D. Rural change in Tropical Africa: from colony to nation states (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1990), 152 ff.

Uchendu, V.C. The Igbo of Southeastern Nigeria. Holt Rinehart and Winston, 1965, p 22.

Udo, R.K “Sixty years of plantation Agriculture in Southern Nigeria, 1902-1962”, Economic Geography 12, (1965), 356-368.

Umesh K. B, Vishnuvardhana and Thirmualaraju, G. T., Cashew Industry. Agro India, 6(9&10): (2002)16-18.

Uzozie L. C “The Relative importance of yam and Cassava in the staple food Economies of Eastern Nigeria”, M.A Thesis, University of Ibadan, 1966, p 31

Ventakaramah, T. M Cashew nut production and processing: Nigeria agronomic aspect of Cashew nut production. Unpublished paper submitted to Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, (1976)39.55

World Bank. World Development Report, available in http: //econ. WorldBank. Org/wdr/wdr 2003/. (Accessed on August 18, 200


  • There are currently no refbacks.