Adedeji Oyenuga (PhD), Omotunde Koleoso


Substance intake and abuse have eaten deep into every nook and craning of the society we live with devastating effects. The risky behaviours attributed to teenagers are excessive intake of alcohol, sedatives, depressants, and other psychoactive substances which affects the central nervous system (CNS). Teenagers living or exposed to disadvantaged environments are more likely to get involved in “hard” drugs, such as cocaine and are also more likely to take marijuana while in school. However, societal affluence does not always protect against and may increase the risk of substance use among youth. Therefore, the study examined the nexus between substance consumption and location and identify the social and cultural factors influencing substance consumption. Differential Association, Structural Strain, and Rational Choice theories were used to explain how the linkages between culture, society and substance intake. This is a survey of black spots in Bariga and Badagry areas of Lagos State as they represent clusters of substance abusers. Forty and about twenty black spots were selected from Bariga and Badagry with ten respondents from each of these spots. The study found that locations do not determine the intake of substance among youth. Socio-economic status is no indicator of the habit of abusing a substance. However, certain cultural practices allow the consumption of substances within their practice. Policies needed to be formulated to reduce the incidences of substance abuse. Movies and music clips encouraging substance use should be banned and the entertainers should be sanctioned appropriately.

Full Text:



Adekeye, 0. A. (2012). Knowledge Level and Attitude of School Going Male Adolescents towards Drug Use and Abuse. Kotangora Journal of Education. Kotangora, Niger State, Vol. 12: 122-130.

Awoyinfu, J. 0. (2012). An Investigation into the Incidence of Alcohol Usage and Abuse among Female Student of the University of Lagos, Nigeria, West Africa. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies (JETERAPS) 3(2): 174178.

Balogun, S. K. (2006). "Chronic intake of separate and combined alcohol and nicotine on body maintenance among albinorats" Journal of Human Ecology, 19(1) 21- 24.

Crum Rosa M., Lillie-Blanton Marsha, Anthony James C. (1996). Neighborhood Environment and Opportunity to use Cocaine and Other Drugs in Late Childhood and Early Adolescence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 1996; 43:155–161.

Dumbili, E. (2013). Changing patterns of Alcohol Consumption in Nigeria: An Exploration of Responsible factors and consequences. Journal of the BSA Medsoc Group.

Ekpenyong, N. S. and Aakpege, N.Y. (2014). Alcohol Consumption Pattern and Risky Behaviour: A Study of University of Port Harcourt. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 19(3, 1): 25-32. Retrieved from www.iosrjournals.org

Fawa, M.S. (2003). Drug abuse eradication programme in schools: The relevance of team, approach alternative, in A. Garba (Ed) Youth and drug abuse in Nigeria: Strategies for counselling, management and control, Kano: Matasa Press.

Fayombo, G.A. & Aremu, S. (2000). “Drug education and its effects on the educational performance of some adolescents drug abusers in Ibadan”, The Counsellor, 18(5), pp. 378-387.

Getz, J. G. and Bray, J. H. (2005). Predicting heavy alcohol use among adolescents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry Copyright 2005 by the Educational Publishing Foundation, 75(1): 102-116.

Goris, P., Burssens, D., Melis, B., & Vettenburg, N. (2007). Wenselijke preventie stap voor stap [Emancipatory prevention step by step]. Antwerpen: Garant.

Groves, S, Stanley, B. H. and Sher, L. (2007). Ethnicity and the relationship between adolescent alcohol use and suicidal behavior. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine & Health, 19(1):19-25.

Makanjuola, A. B., Daramola, T. 0. and Obembe, A. 0. (2007). Psychoactive substance use among medical students in a Nigerian university. World Psychiatry, 6(2): 112-114.

Manbe, D.A. (2008). “Crime and drug abuse among Nigerian youths: A critical examination in World Health Organization (WHO)”, Expert committee on drug dependence, 28th Report (unpublished). .

National Research Council and Institute of Medicine [NRC-IOM], 2009; Osius, E. & Rosenthal, J. (2009) Adolescent Health Services: Highlights and Considerations for State Health Policymakers. The National Research Council Institute of Medicine’s

Nigeria Police Force (2017). Everyone’s in on the game: Corruption and human abuses by the Nigerian Police. https://www.hrw.org/report/2010/08/17/everyones- game/corruption-and-human-rights-abuses-nigeria-police-force

Simons-Morton, B., Pickett, W., Boyce, W., ter Bogt, T.F.,& Vollebergh, W. (2010). Cross-national comparison of adolescent drinking and cannabis use in the United States, Canada, and the Netherlands. International Journal Drug Policy, 21(1):64-69.

Smart, L. (2007). Alcohol and human health. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


  • There are currently no refbacks.